Ms. Zhao loved the newest TV series so much that she downloaded the whole episodes to her mobile phone and watched the whole night. All of a sudden, a shadow appeared in front of her eyes and would not go away. She thought it might due to lack of sleep. She did come to AIER East for a checkup and the results shocked her. She had retinal detachment!
Ms. Zhao was not the only one who suffered retinal detachment due to personal entertainment habits such as binge-watching. Some people may find themselves suddenly hit by retinal detachment at their trying to to be a Bunger jumper, roller coaster or basketball player whose activities involve violent physical collisions and descending rapidly from height. Or it may sound even more weirdly, somebody develops retinal detachment at a sneeze!
Indeed these people all have one thing in common. They are all with high myopia. For Ms. Zhao, her long-term high intensity use of myopia eyes on electronic products strained retina too much and should be held as the direct reason for retinal detachment.
So what exactly is retinal detachment? And why it affects people with high myopia? Who else is at risk?
Retinal detachment is an emergent case when the retina separates from the layer underneath. Without treatment or delayed too long permanent loss of vision may occur.
Normally the retina, a thin film on which photoreceptor cells are located is supported and pushed against on the inner orbital wall by vitreous body. In high myopia, the eye ball becomes longer than normal, in which, the vitreous body keeps pulling the retina and gives such patients higher risk of retina detached from the orbital wall. In some case, retina tear at small area happens first. To patient, it appears like a curtain over part of the field of vision. If treatment delayed, the fluid gets under the tear and can cause retinal detachment.
Risk factors for retinal detachment include severe myopia, retinal tears, trauma, family history, as well as complications from cataract surgery.